The Axeman of New Orléans is a confirmed serial killer who was active between 1918 and 1919 in new Orléans. The killer was never caught, and to this current day his identity remains a mystery. He has since passed on into a local urban legend in New Orléans, with many considering him to be a myth. There are also legends stating that there were similar reports in 1911, but they are still up for debate over their validity.
The attacks occurred between May 1918 and October 1919. The Axeman of New Orléans had 12 confirmed victims, resulting in 6 fatalities. The majority of his victims were Italian immigrants and Italian-Americans.
The Axeman primarily used an axe in his attacks.
The murders caused a mass panic similar to the later panic over the contested 'Mad Gasser of Mattoon' in the mid-1940s. Panic also sparked legends of similar killings in 1911 but they are contested.
Several theories have arisen over the legends and motives:
- Actual serial killer (mostly accepted)
- Mafia killings
- Promotion of music (most outlandish)